Indian from the very initial stage of her was proudly termed as a country detailed with bountiful of culture and heritage, and that heritage rightfully includes in it the greatest civilization of the world namely – the Indus Valley Civilization or IVC. The IVC is a benchmark of culture which bloomed along the basin of river Indus, following the length of Pakistan and along the monsoon-fed rivers which were perennial namely the Ghaggar-Hakra River and it covered the areas of northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India. Quite, fortunately, the Indians have been on the way of discovering the remaining of the IVC which to inhibited in the world from the 3300-1300 BCE. It’s also known as Harappan Civilization and the age was denoted as the Bronze Age civilization because of their usage of that element. A civilization which was lived by 5 million people is no mere thing and can be fascinating if explored.
KALIBANGAN: One of the main locations during the Indus Valley Civilization, Kalibangan is situated on the left or southern banks of the river Ghaggar-Hakra River in Hanumangarh district, Rajasthan which is 205 km from Bikaner. Luigi Tessitori first identified the pre historic Mauryan character of IVC. This place got its excavation report entirely in the year 2003 by the Archaeological Survey of India and from that report, it has been concluded that it was the major provincial capital of IVC. It’s been given acclamations as a historic place for being the earliest ploughed field, earliest recorded earthquake, fire altars revealing that rituals took place, remaining of camels and so more.
RAKHIGARHI: Recent excavations of 2 more mounds led archaeologists to conclude that Rakhigarhi in the Hisar district of Haryana is the biggest Harappan civilization site. Now it will cover an area of 350 hectares beating Mohenjo Daro which was of 300 hectares. The excavators have fetched remaining which includes some 5,000 years old artefacts, paved roads, terracotta bricks, statue production, and so more.
ROPAR: The archaeological ruins of Ropar are the most eye-catching sight in Punjab. Also known as Roopnagar, the archaeologists have found antiquity of Alexander’s visit with his armies. IVC is most popular for its systematic planning and health facilities. Now we can view the houses built with burnt bricks, prevention of diseases were made by covered drains, soak pits, silage jars. Also, pottery, sculpture, figurine, murals, irrigation reservoirs, public baths, were then made by the people of IVC.
GANWERIWALA: Located at the dry river bed of river Ghaggar-Hakra along the Indian borders, this place is a part of the vast desert now. Though not excavated yet, if done, this may turn up to be one of the top 5 towns of IVC with an area of 80 hectares.
SURKOTADA: A very small site of IVC covering 1.4 hectares located in the Kutch district, Gujarat, but very significant for horse remaining is found here.
Now, when the remaining of IVC is known, one should definitely visit them once to relish history once again.